To apply for Canadian citizenship requires a formal application to submit to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), a test for Canadian citizenship, and in some cases, a citizenship interview.
- ∎ Demonstrate language of the language in one of the two official Canadian languages - French or English as described below.
- ∎ Possess Canadian Permanent Residence (PR)
- ∎ Must meet the requirement to stay in Canada as a permanent resident for at least 1095 days in five years, before applying.
- ∎ Must file taxes for at least three years in the last five years from the date of application and must not be liable for income tax.
- ∎ To apply for Canadian citizenship, there must be a declaration of applicants clearly stating their intention to reside in Canada, after the citizenship of Canada has been granted.
Application for citizenship of Canada can be returned by the IRCC if any of the above requirements have not been met successfully.
- ∎ The application must be completed and submitted to the relevant IRCC office for review. Once the application has been confirmed, a notice will be served to the applicant requesting a test for citizenship in Canada.
- ∎ Applicants between the ages of 18 and 54 are required to perform the Canadian citizenship test, which assesses the applicant’s knowledge of Canadian history, political process, geography, rights and obligations as a Canadian citizen. The IRCC provides a study guide to all applicants for citizenship in Canada.
- ∎ This test usually takes 30 minutes to complete. On the test day, applicants must bring all original documents, including immigration documents, photo ID, a passport, and any other documents related to the applicant’s permanent residence permit in Canada.
- ∎ In accordance with the regulations, few applicants are requested to appear for an interview before a citizenship judge. Conversations usually take 15 to 30 minutes in length.
- ∎ Younger children (under 18) are not required to write the test.
- ∎ Applicants between the ages of 18 and 54 must provide proof of language proficiency, and applicants must submit one of the following documents:
• Results of accredited third party examinations; or• A diplomas or transcripts from secondary or postgraduate education in English or French; or• Proof of access to the Canadian Level Benchmark (CLB) 4 or higher in certain official language programs.
- ∎ Successful applicants must attend a Canadian citizenship event where they can obtain a certificate of citizenship and become new citizens of Canada.
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